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Conflict Theory | Pollack Peacebuilding Systems

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Summary of: White, S.M., Schroeder, J., & Risen, J.L. (2020). When “enemies” become close: Relationship formation among Palestinians and Jewish Israelis at a youth camp. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1-84. Background & Theory Previous research has tried to investigate the role of contact and proximity in bridging outgroup relations. Conceptualized by Allport (1954), intergroup contact...

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Whether at the international or interpersonal level, terms like conflict management and conflict resolution are often used synonymously, even though both actually have different definitions. Lesser known but equally important is the concept of conflict transformation, which also holds its own unique definition apart from its conflict management and conflict resolution cousins. Considering that each...

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Summary of: Gur, T., Ayal, S. and Halperin, E. (2020), A Bright Side of Sadness: The Depolarizing Role of Sadness in Intergroup Conflicts. Eur J Soc Psychol. Accepted Author Manuscript. doi:10.1002/ejsp.2715 Background & Theory In our highly divided world, it is important to understand the conditions under which polarization is strengthened or weakened. Conflict situations...

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Summary of: Thomas Gries & Veronika Müller, 2020. “Conflict Economics and Psychological Human Needs,” Working Papers CIE 135, Paderborn University, CIE Center for International Economics. Background & Theory The basic approach in conflict economics, to explain motives and conditions for civil strife, is based on the assumption of choice. Wars, civil conflicts, or terrorism are thus analyzed...

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Summary of: Nomikos, W. (2020). Peacekeeping and the Enforcement of Intergroup Cooperation: Evidence from Mali (ESOC Working Paper No. 20). Empirical Studies of Conflict Project. http://esoc.princeton.edu/wp20. Read here. Background & Theory There is a lot of evidence available which suggests that peacekeeping is effective, but little is known about why it works. This study focuses...

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Improving intercultural or interdemographic relationships is a critical endeavor for society, especially as the world has become more connected and increasingly diverse over the last century. So, how can we improve intercultural relationships? How can we begin to open our hearts to one another regardless of our socio-cultural differences, backgrounds and beliefs?  Instead of focusing...

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Summary of: Kumar, A., & Kumar Singh, A. (2019). Conflict resolution: An analysis of Gandhian approach. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/342105242_Conflict_Resolution_An_Analysis_of_Gandhian_Approach Background & Theory This article approaches conflict resolution through the lens of Mahatma Gandhi’s life and values. The authors explain the methods Gandhi used to approach conflict and come to peaceful resolution for all members involved....

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Summary of: Pace, M. (2020). Everyday action research for complex times: A peacebuilder’s guide. Sage Journals. https://doi.org/10.1177/1476750320905898. Background & Theory Complexity theory touches on the fact that the world is complex, and all issues and activities have multiple facets to them that are not always predictable. The author notes that in many ways, the problems...

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Summary of: Schulting, R. J. (2018). Conclusion: The science of conflict. In A. Dolfini, R. J. Crellin, C. Horn, & M. Uckelmann (Eds.). Prehistoric warfare and violence. Switzerland: Springer International Publishing AG. Background & Theory This chapter evaluates what conflict was like in the prehistoric era, and concludes that recent research methods in archaeological science...

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Summary of: Gross, Z., & Maor, R. (2020). Is contact theory still valid in acute asymmetrical violent conflict? A case study of Israeli Jewish and Arab students in higher education. Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1037/pac0000440 Background & Theory This article discusses contact theory and whether it is effective in...

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