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Summary of: Hartoyo, H., Sindung, H., Teuku, F. and Sunarto, S. (2020), The role of local communities in peacebuilding in the post-ethnic conflict in a multi-cultural society, Journal of Aggression, Conflict and Peace Research, 12(1), 33-44. https://doi.org/10.1108/JACPR-06-2019-0419 Background & Theory Indonesia has witnessed a dramatic rise in ethnic conflicts since 1998, but the weaknesses of the peacebuilding methods used were identified...

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Summary of: Mousa, S. (2019). Creating coexistence: Intergroup contact and soccer in post-ISIS Iraq. GLD Working Paper Series, 26. http://gld.gu.se/media/1631/gld-working-paper-26-final.pdf Background & Theory According to the contact hypothesis, interpersonal contact across group lines can reduce prejudice if it is positive, cooperative, and endorsed by communal authorities (Allport, Clark and Pettigrew 1954). The author cites that...

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Summary of: Zhang, D. (2018). The rural-urban divide, intergroup relations, and social identity formation of rural migrant children in a Chinese urban school, International Studies in Sociology of Education, 27:1, 60-77, DOI: 10.1080/09620214.2017.1394204 Background & Theory With its foundation in social identity theory, this paper investigates identity formation amongst school children from a rural region...

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Summary of: White, S.M., Schroeder, J., & Risen, J.L. (2020). When “enemies” become close: Relationship formation among Palestinians and Jewish Israelis at a youth camp. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1-84. Background & Theory Previous research has tried to investigate the role of contact and proximity in bridging outgroup relations. Conceptualized by Allport (1954), intergroup contact...

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Summary of: Yuan, W. “Conflict management among American and Chinese employees in multinational organizations in China” (2010). Cross Cultural Management: An International Journal, 17(3), 299-311. Background & Theory: Past studies have suggested that organizations in Western countries value competing or solution-driven methods of workplace conflict management. On the other hand, studies have argued that organizations...

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Summary of: Williams, J., “Imagined Contact Intervention with an American Muslim Target” (2019). Masters Theses & Specialist Projects. Paper 3152. https://digitalcommons.wku.edu/theses/3152 Background & Theory Studies have often shown that imagining contact with a member of a differing social group can reduce prejudice toward them. This is known as imagined contact intervention and is of help...

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Summary of: Smidt, H.M. (2020). United Nations Peacekeeping Locally: Enabling Conflict Resolution, Reducing Communal Violence. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 64(2-3), 344-372. doi:10.1177/0022002719859631 Background & Theory There have been many studies evaluating the role of UN Peacekeeping in conflict-ridden regions, but few look at the role of local encounters and improving intergroup dialogue specifically to improve parameters in...

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Summary of: McLamore, Q., Adelman, L., & Leidner, B. (2019). Challenges to traditional narratives of intractable conflict decrease ingroup glorification. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 45(12), 1702-1716. https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167219841638 Background & Theory This article explores how the glorification of our ingroup (those whom we share identity with) contributes to conflict. It also shows how taking on...

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Summary of: “Conflict in a cross-border region: insights from a sociological study” Nagaytsev, Artjukhina, & Shrayber – Proceedings of the International Conference on Sustainable Development of Cross-Border Regions: Economic, Social and Security Challenges (ICSDCBR 2019) – 2019 Background & Theory All societies experience conflict for multiple reasons and in varying intensities. Clashing interests, historical differences,...

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Summary of: Arseneau-Robar, T. J. M., Müller, E., Taucher, A. L., van Schaik, C. P., Bshary, R., & Willems, E. P. (2018). Male monkeys use punishment and coercion to de-escalate costly intergroup fights. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 285(1880), 1-9. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2017.2323 Background & Theory This article examines how Vervet monkeys interact with...

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