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Summary of: Hässler, T., Ullrich, J., Sebben, S., Shnabel, N., Bernardino, M., Valdenegro, D., … Pistella, J. (2020). Needs satisfaction in intergroup contact: A multi-national study of pathways toward social change. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1037/pspi0000365 Background & Theory As the research on intergroup contact and social change motivation becomes...

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Summary of: Driessen, T. (2021). Sport for peace: Exploring the contribution of sport to cohabitation in a divided society (Dissertation). http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-445386 Background & Theory Intergroup contact can occur in many shapes and forms, one form being sports. Sport-for-peace programs rely on sport and contact in order to contribute to intergroup reconciliation efforts and peaceful society....

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Summary of: Marsh, W.Z.C. (2021) .The devil no more? Decreasing negative out party affect through asymmetric partisan thinking. Background & Theory Polarization is a phenomenon that social psychologists and political researchers have been studying for a long time. With recent elections, global affairs, and the rise of social media, it has gotten even more acute....

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Summary of: Reimer, N. K., & Sengupta, N. K. (2021). Meta-analysis of the ‘ironic’ effects of intergroup contact. https://doi.org/10.31234/osf.io/vrsqe Background & Theory Intergroup contact theory is one of the most salient and popular theories in the field of conflict resolution. As societies are becoming more diverse, there are more opportunities for members of different groups...

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Summary of: Laura, D. (2020). Exploring the intersection of collective identity and peacebuilding: a case study of Kids4Peace Jerusalem. Conflict and Dispute Resolution Program. Background & Theory The conflict in Israel and Palestine is considered by many as an intractable ethno-national conflict. The beliefs and attitudes of the youth formed through their education and upbringing...

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Summary of: Allport, G. W. (1954). The nature of prejudice. Addison-Wesley.  Background & Theory Gordon Allport’s book, The Nature of Prejudice, became a well-known foundation for the study of prejudice and discrimination, as well as intergroup contact theory. The book is compiled of 31 chapters and discusses in detail what factors might influence prejudice, how...

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Summary of: University of Oklahoma. Institute of Group Relations, & Sherif, M. (1961). Intergroup conflict and cooperation: The Robbers Cave experiment (Vol. 10, pp. 150-198). Norman, OK: University Book Exchange. Background & Theory: One of the most prominent studies on intergroup conflict is Muzafer Sherif’s Robbers Cave Experiment. Conducted in the 1950s, Sherif’s contribution to...

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Summary of: Montiel, C. J., de la Paz, E., & Cerafica, Z. I. (2019). (De) humanization and trust in an asymmetric Muslim–Christian conflict: Heroes, Kafirs, and Satanas. Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology, 25(4), 300. Background & Theory Dehumanization refers to the phenomenon where strangers or members of an outgroup are considered less than...

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Summary of: Mana, A., Srour, A., & Sagy, S. (2019). A sense of national coherence and openness to the “other’s” collective narrative: The case of the Israeli–Palestinian conflict. Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology, 25(3), 226–233. https://doi.org/10.1037/pac0000391 Background & Theory Sense of national coherence (SONC) is defined as an enduring tendency to perceive one’s national group...

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Summary of: Pun, A., Birch, S., & Baron, A. (2021). The power of allies: Infants’ expectations of social obligations during intergroup conflict. Cognition, 211. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cognition.2021.104630 Background & Theory Social allegiances are a crucial aspect of human social life, such that they are part of the group formation process and justify the expectation that when one member...

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