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Summary of: Hartoyo, H., Sindung, H., Teuku, F. and Sunarto, S. (2020), The role of local communities in peacebuilding in the post-ethnic conflict in a multi-cultural society, Journal of Aggression, Conflict and Peace Research, 12(1), 33-44. https://doi.org/10.1108/JACPR-06-2019-0419 Background & Theory Indonesia has witnessed a dramatic rise in ethnic conflicts since 1998, but the weaknesses of the peacebuilding methods used were identified...

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Summary of: Mousa, S. (2019). Creating coexistence: Intergroup contact and soccer in post-ISIS Iraq. GLD Working Paper Series, 26. http://gld.gu.se/media/1631/gld-working-paper-26-final.pdf Background & Theory According to the contact hypothesis, interpersonal contact across group lines can reduce prejudice if it is positive, cooperative, and endorsed by communal authorities (Allport, Clark and Pettigrew 1954). The author cites that...

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Summary of: Zhang, D. (2018). The rural-urban divide, intergroup relations, and social identity formation of rural migrant children in a Chinese urban school, International Studies in Sociology of Education, 27:1, 60-77, DOI: 10.1080/09620214.2017.1394204 Background & Theory With its foundation in social identity theory, this paper investigates identity formation amongst school children from a rural region...

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Summary of: White, S.M., Schroeder, J., & Risen, J.L. (2020). When “enemies” become close: Relationship formation among Palestinians and Jewish Israelis at a youth camp. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1-84. Background & Theory Previous research has tried to investigate the role of contact and proximity in bridging outgroup relations. Conceptualized by Allport (1954), intergroup contact...

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Summary of: Lefort, B. (2020) Cartographies of encounters: Understanding conflict transformation through a collaborative exploration of youth spaces in Beirut. Political Geography, 76. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polgeo.2019.102093 Background & Theory This paper looks at the critical ways in which spaces have been occupied in Beirut, post severe conflict. It uses a novel lens that shifts the focus from the understanding...

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Summary of: Williams, J., “Imagined Contact Intervention with an American Muslim Target” (2019). Masters Theses & Specialist Projects. Paper 3152. https://digitalcommons.wku.edu/theses/3152 Background & Theory Studies have often shown that imagining contact with a member of a differing social group can reduce prejudice toward them. This is known as imagined contact intervention and is of help...

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Summary of: Smidt, H.M. (2020). United Nations Peacekeeping Locally: Enabling Conflict Resolution, Reducing Communal Violence. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 64(2-3), 344-372. doi:10.1177/0022002719859631 Background & Theory There have been many studies evaluating the role of UN Peacekeeping in conflict-ridden regions, but few look at the role of local encounters and improving intergroup dialogue specifically to improve parameters in...

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Summary of: Haider, H. (2019). Engaging rural stakeholders in social cohesion, reconciliation, and peacebuilding projects. K4D Helpdesk Report. Brighton, UK: Institute of Development Studies. Background & Theory Efforts at peacebuilding in conflict-ridden environments take into account social inequalities, community values, and intergroup relations. In Iraq and many other regions, rural populations rank high on poverty...

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Summary of: McLamore, Q., Adelman, L., & Leidner, B. (2019). Challenges to traditional narratives of intractable conflict decrease ingroup glorification. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 45(12), 1702-1716. https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167219841638 Background & Theory This article explores how the glorification of our ingroup (those whom we share identity with) contributes to conflict. It also shows how taking on...

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Summary of: Dasgupta, Utteeyo & Mani, Subha & Sharma, Smriti & Singhal, Saurabh, 2020. “Social Identity, Behavior, and Personality: Evidence from India,” IZA Discussion Papers 13515, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA). Background & Theory All societies have some form of social and racial hierarchies. The most prominent one in India is that of caste. Historically, Indian society...

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