Category: International Conflict

I recently had a conversation with a colleague in the peacebuilding field, and we did not seem to agree on what a peacebuilder is or what approach is appropriate. This was a clear example of a gap in the unified definition of peacebuilding, and correcting this gap is important because various organizations and professionals who...

Summary of: Driessen, T. (2021). Sport for peace: Exploring the contribution of sport to cohabitation in a divided society (Dissertation). http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-445386 Background & Theory Intergroup contact can occur in many shapes and forms, one form being sports. Sport-for-peace programs rely on sport and contact in order to contribute to intergroup reconciliation efforts and peaceful society....

Summary of: Reimer, N. K., & Sengupta, N. K. (2021). Meta-analysis of the ‘ironic’ effects of intergroup contact. https://osf.io/vrsqe Background & Theory Intergroup contact theory is one of the most salient and popular theories in the field of conflict resolution. As societies are becoming more diverse, there are more opportunities for members of different groups...

Summary of: Montiel, C. J., de la Paz, E., & Cerafica, Z. I. (2019). (De) humanization and trust in an asymmetric Muslim–Christian conflict: Heroes, Kafirs, and Satanas. Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology, 25(4), 300. Background & Theory Dehumanization refers to the phenomenon where strangers or members of an outgroup are considered less than...

Summary of: Miranda, D., Love, G., Carlin, R., González, R., & Navia, P. (2021). Ethnicity or policy? The conditioning of intergroup trust in the context of ethnic conflict. Political Psychology. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/pops.12747 Background & Theory Intergroup trust is an important foundation for cooperation (Brewer & Alexander, 2002), whereas prolonged violent intergroup conflict accentuates distrust. Ethnicity refers...

Summary of: Çakal, H., Halabi, S., Cazan, A. M., & Eller, A. (2021). Intergroup contact and endorsement of social change motivations: The mediating role of intergroup trust, perspective-taking, and intergroup anxiety among three advantaged groups in Northern Cyprus, Romania, and Israel. Group Processes & Intergroup Relations, 24(1), 48–67. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1368430219885163 Background & Theory We have covered...

Summary of: Wang, C., Huang, F., Stathi, S., & Vezzali, L. (2020). Positive and negative intergroup contact and willingness to engage in intergroup interactions among majority (Han) and minority (Uyghur) group members in China: The moderating role of social dominance orientation. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 75, 132-140. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijintrel.2018.09.002 Background & Theory Intergroup contact theory...

Summary of: Lowe, M. (2020). Types of Contact: A Field Experiment on Collaborative and Adversarial Caste Integration. Behavioral & Experimental Economics eJournal. Background & Theory Intergroup contact theory or the contact hypothesis is a well-known method of improving ties between communities. In this research, the author argues that the efficacy of intergroup contact depends highly on...

Summary of: Gallacher, J. D., Heerdink, M. W., & Hewstone, M. (2021). Online engagement between opposing political protest groups via social media is linked to physical violence of offline encounters. Social Media + Society. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/2056305120984445 Background & Theory Digital communication is becoming more common than ever and is known to influence political outcomes for the past few...

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