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Latest Research in Conflict Resolution & Peacebuilding | Pollack Peacebuilding Systems

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Summary of: Fernández-Salinero, S., & Topa, G. (2020). Intergroup discrimination as a predictor of conflict within the same organization. The role of organizational identity. European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology, and Education, 10, 1-9. https://doi.org/10.3390/ejihpe10010001 Background & Theory This article explores how our perception of discrimination and conflict, intergroup identity, and organizational identity are...

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Summary of: Pun, A., Birch, S., & Baron, A. (2021). The power of allies: Infants’ expectations of social obligations during intergroup conflict. Cognition, 211. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cognition.2021.104630 Background & Theory Social allegiances are a crucial aspect of human social life, such that they are part of the group formation process and justify the expectation that when one member...

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Summary of: Cohen-Chen, S., Lang, O., Ran, S., & Halperin, E. (2020). The prevalence of despair in intractable conflicts: Direct messages of hope and despair affect leftists, but not rightists. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 50, 588-598. DOI: 10.1111/jasp.12697 Background & Theory This article explores how messages of hope and/or despair can influence groups that...

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Summary of: Miranda, D., Love, G., Carlin, R., González, R., & Navia, P. (2021). Ethnicity or policy? The conditioning of intergroup trust in the context of ethnic conflict. Political Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1111/pops.12747 Background & Theory Intergroup trust is an important foundation for cooperation (Brewer & Alexander, 2002), whereas prolonged violent intergroup conflict accentuates distrust. Ethnicity refers...

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Summary of: Folloni, A. (2021). Individuality over identity: Individual freedom and responsibility within social identity. Contemporary Social Science, 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1080/21582041.2021.1925731 Background & Theory: In the 1970s, Amartya Sen began developing his theories on functionalities and capability as it relates to freedom. One crucial aspect Sen focused on in his research is viewing freedom as individual...

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Summary of: Luo, Y., & Lu, L. (2020, November). A review of research on team conflict, conflict management and team performance. Advances in Economics, Business and Management Research, 155, 321-326. https://doi.org/10.2991/aebmr.k.201128.062 Background & Theory: Over the past few decades, utilizing teams within the workplace has been increasingly common. With uptick in team collaboration naturally comes...

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Summary of: Halabi, S., Dovidio, J. F., & Nadler, A. (2021). When intergroup helping helps intergroup relations: The moderating role of trust in the outgroup. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 95, 104141. doi:10.1016/j.jesp.2021.104141 Background & Theory Trust is a factor that can moderate how a member of a low-status group responds to help offered by...

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Summary of: Kim, S. & Harwood, J. (2020). Facebook contact: The effect of an outgroup member’s language proficiency on desire for future intergroup contact. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 77, 160-168. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijintrel.2020.05.007 Background & Theory This article examined how language can impact one’s ability to mesh with outgroup members and the likelihood of further developing...

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Summary of: Barbour, P.J., & Bourne, D. (2020). Developing sociality in a post-conflict Northern Ireland: An application of the perceiver element grid. Journal of Constructivist Psychology, 1-25. Background & Theory George Kelly invented the concept of Personal Construct Psychology which looks at the self as a personal construct. He argued that the events of the past...

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