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Summary of: Sentama, E. (2020). Co-operatives and reconciliation after violent conflicts: Lessons from post-genocide Rwanda. In Sara Elder, Isobel M. Findlay, Judith Harris, Fiona Duguid, & M. Derya Tarhan (Eds.), Review of International Co-operation (pp. 46-62). International Cooperative Alliance. Background & Theory This article explores the impact that a cooperative might have toward reconciliation after...

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Summary of: Dixon, J., Tredoux, C., Sturgeon, B., Hocking, B., Davies, G., Huck, J., Whyatt, D., Jarman, N. and Bryan, D. (2020). ‘When the walls come tumbling down”: The role of intergroup proximity, threat, and contact in shaping attitudes towards the removal of Northern Ireland’s peace walls. British Journal of Social Psychology, 59(4), 922–944. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjso.12370 Background...

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Summary of: Leshem, O. A., & Halperin, E. (2020). Lay theories of peace and their influence on policy preference during violent conflict. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 117(31), 18378–18384. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2005928117 Background & Theory The authors of this paper define the Lay theories of peace as 1) Positive peace, 2)...

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Summary of: Saguy, T., Sobol-Sarag, D., Halabi, S., Stroebe, K., Bruneau, E., & Hasan-Aslih, S. (2020). When a sense of “we” is lost: Investigating the consequences of a lost common identity among druze in Israel. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 11(5), 667–675. https://doi.org/10.1177/1948550619884562 Background & Theory The Arab Druze community in Israel has historically had good relations with...

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Summary of: Yucel, D., & Psaltis, C. (2020). Intergroup contact and willingness for renewed cohabitation in Cyprus: Exploring the mediating and moderating mechanisms. Group Processes & Intergroup Relations, 23(4), 578–597. https://doi.org/10.1177/1368430219845053 Background & Theory Intergroup contact theory has been popular amongst conflict and social psychology researchers for a long time. Regionally, Cyprus has seen a protracted conflict between...

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Summary of: Lowe, M. (2020). Types of Contact: A Field Experiment on Collaborative and Adversarial Caste Integration. Behavioral & Experimental Economics eJournal. Background & Theory Intergroup contact theory or the contact hypothesis is a well-known method of improving ties between communities. In this research, the author argues that the efficacy of intergroup contact depends highly on...

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Summary of: Gallacher, J. D., Heerdink, M. W., & Hewstone, M. (2021). Online engagement between opposing political protest groups via social media is linked to physical violence of offline encounters. Social Media + Society. https://doi.org/10.1177/2056305120984445 Background & Theory Digital communication is becoming more common than ever and is known to influence political outcomes for the past few...

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Summary of: Coskan, C.C. (2020). The role of ethnic, national, and superordinate identities and perceptions of power in understanding Kurds’ attitudes about reconciliation in “Turkish-Kurdish conflict.” European Association of Social Psychology, 1–11. https://doi.org/10.13140/RG.2.2.12739.22569 Background & Theory This research looks deeper into the concept of asymmetrical conflict, where there are unequal power differences between groups. The groups...

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Summary of: Matheson, K., Branscombe, N., Klar, Y., & Anisman, H. (2019). Observer perceptions of the justifiability of the actions of nations in conflict: The relative importance of conveying national vulnerability verses strength. PLoS ONE, 14(7), 1-20. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0220303 Background & Theory This article delves into how nations in conflict might persuade other nations to sympathize...

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Summary of: Fry, D.P., Souillac, G., Liebovitch, L., Coleman, P.T., Agan, K., Nicholson-Cox, E., Mason, D., Palma Gomez, F., & Strauss, S., (2021). Societies within peace systems avoid war and build positive intergroup relationships. Humanities and Social Sciences Communications, 8(17).  https://doi.org/10.1057/s41599-020-00692-8 Background & Theory It is often believed that all societies have engaged in war at some point,...

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