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Summary of: Hartoyo, H., Sindung, H., Teuku, F. and Sunarto, S. (2020), The role of local communities in peacebuilding in the post-ethnic conflict in a multi-cultural society, Journal of Aggression, Conflict and Peace Research, 12(1), 33-44. https://doi.org/10.1108/JACPR-06-2019-0419 Background & Theory Indonesia has witnessed a dramatic rise in ethnic conflicts since 1998, but the weaknesses of the peacebuilding methods used were identified...

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Summary of: Mousa, S. (2019). Creating coexistence: Intergroup contact and soccer in post-ISIS Iraq. GLD Working Paper Series, 26. http://gld.gu.se/media/1631/gld-working-paper-26-final.pdf Background & Theory According to the contact hypothesis, interpersonal contact across group lines can reduce prejudice if it is positive, cooperative, and endorsed by communal authorities (Allport, Clark and Pettigrew 1954). The author cites that...

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Summary of: Zhang, D. (2018). The rural-urban divide, intergroup relations, and social identity formation of rural migrant children in a Chinese urban school, International Studies in Sociology of Education, 27:1, 60-77, DOI: 10.1080/09620214.2017.1394204 Background & Theory With its foundation in social identity theory, this paper investigates identity formation amongst school children from a rural region...

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Summary of: White, S.M., Schroeder, J., & Risen, J.L. (2020). When “enemies” become close: Relationship formation among Palestinians and Jewish Israelis at a youth camp. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1-84. Background & Theory Previous research has tried to investigate the role of contact and proximity in bridging outgroup relations. Conceptualized by Allport (1954), intergroup contact...

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Summary of: Nixon, C. (2017). Helping ourselves first: Conflict management strategies of regional international organizations. University Honors Program Theses, 248. https://digitalcommons.georgiasouthern.edu/honors-theses/248 Background & Theory The author discusses the critical need of regional international organizations (RIOs) to intervene in ethnic conflicts, but notes some of the surrounding limitations to creating sustainable peace, such as the level...

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Summary of: Taylor, L. K., & McKeown, S. (2019). Does violence beget violence? The role of family ethnic socialization and intergroup bias among youth in a setting of protracted intergroup conflict. International Journal of Behavioral Development, Volume 43(5), 403-408. DOI: 10.1177/0165025419844036 Background & Theory This article explores the relationship between teens’ exposure to violence and...

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Summary of: Rothbart, D., & Allen, S. (2018). Building peace through systemic compassion. Conflict Resolution Quarterly, Volume 36, 373-386. DOI: 10.1002/crq.21249 Background & Theory This article focuses on the systems of positive emotions, with a specific focus on compassion, and its uses in peacebuilding practices. The authors evaluate the basis for human rights, peacebuilding practices,...

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Summary of: Verkuyten, M., & Yogeeswaran, Y. (2020). Cultural diversity and its implications for intergroup relations. Current Opinion in Psychology, Volume 32, 1-5. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.copsyc.2019.06.010 Background & Theory A consistent trending topic in our current society revolves around diversity and multiculturalism. However, there is not consistent research focusing on interculturalism, which is much more relevant to...

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Summary of: Fuentes-Julio, C. & Ibrahim, R. (2019). A human rights approach to conflict resolution. Ethics and International Affairs, 33, Issue 3, 261-273. Background & Theory Commonly thought of as two different areas that hold fundamental differences, the benefits of combining a human rights approach with a conflict resolution approach to solving conflict is often...

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