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Summary of: Williams, J., “Imagined Contact Intervention with an American Muslim Target” (2019). Masters Theses & Specialist Projects. Paper 3152. https://digitalcommons.wku.edu/theses/3152 Background & Theory Studies have often shown that imagining contact with a member of a differing social group can reduce prejudice toward them. This is known as imagined contact intervention and is of help...

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Summary of: Smidt, H.M. (2020). United Nations Peacekeeping Locally: Enabling Conflict Resolution, Reducing Communal Violence. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 64(2-3), 344-372. doi:10.1177/0022002719859631 Background & Theory There have been many studies evaluating the role of UN Peacekeeping in conflict-ridden regions, but few look at the role of local encounters and improving intergroup dialogue specifically to improve parameters in...

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Summary of: Haider, H. (2019). Engaging rural stakeholders in social cohesion, reconciliation, and peacebuilding projects. K4D Helpdesk Report. Brighton, UK: Institute of Development Studies. Background & Theory Efforts at peacebuilding in conflict-ridden environments take into account social inequalities, community values, and intergroup relations. In Iraq and many other regions, rural populations rank high on poverty...

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Whether at the international or interpersonal level, terms like conflict management and conflict resolution are often used synonymously, even though both actually have different definitions. Lesser known but equally important is the concept of conflict transformation, which also holds its own unique definition apart from its conflict management and conflict resolution cousins. Considering that each...

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Summary of: Dasgupta, Utteeyo & Mani, Subha & Sharma, Smriti & Singhal, Saurabh, 2020. “Social Identity, Behavior, and Personality: Evidence from India,” IZA Discussion Papers 13515, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA). Background & Theory All societies have some form of social and racial hierarchies. The most prominent one in India is that of caste. Historically, Indian society...

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Summary of: “Conflict in a cross-border region: insights from a sociological study” Nagaytsev, Artjukhina, & Shrayber – Proceedings of the International Conference on Sustainable Development of Cross-Border Regions: Economic, Social and Security Challenges (ICSDCBR 2019) – 2019 Background & Theory All societies experience conflict for multiple reasons and in varying intensities. Clashing interests, historical differences,...

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Summary of: ‘We Aren’t Killing Each Other, but We Bear Grudges that Could Be Sparked’: How Interreligious ‘Peace’ and Non-peace Coexist in a West African City, Islam and Christian–Muslim Relations, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/09596410.2020.1812251 Background & Theory How is peace defined? Merely as the absence of war, or also the presence of positive, cooperative relations between two...

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Summary of: Gur, T., Ayal, S. and Halperin, E. (2020), A Bright Side of Sadness: The Depolarizing Role of Sadness in Intergroup Conflicts. Eur J Soc Psychol. Accepted Author Manuscript. doi:10.1002/ejsp.2715 Background & Theory In our highly divided world, it is important to understand the conditions under which polarization is strengthened or weakened. Conflict situations...

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Summary of: Casas-Casas, Andrés & Mendez, Nathalie & Pino Uribe, Juan. (, 2020). Trust and Prospective Reconciliation: Evidence From a Protracted Armed Conflict. Journal of Peacebuilding & Development. 154231662094596. 10.1177/1542316620945968. Background & Theory International efforts in post-conflict reconciliation have always emphasized the importance of external stakeholders such as economic and military capabilities in creating peace...

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